Unit III: 

1. Biodiversity Science. Concept, definition and types of biodiversity, Biodiversity at global,

country and local levels. Evolution of biodiversity, Factors promoting high diversity,

Endemism and Hotspots, Measures of Bio-diversity, computation of biodiversity by

computer software, Uses and Importance of Biodiversity.

Unit IV: Biodiversity Conservation. 

Listing of threatened biodiversity, causes of biodiversity loss, In-situ and Ex- situ

conservation methods, conservation through gene banking preservation, Role of

NGOs, Colleges and Universities in biodiversity conservation.