Course Outcomes (COs): 1. To understand basic principles of cartography and surveying 2. To explain various cartographic methods and techniques for preparation of maps and diagrams. 3. To compare the difference between manual and digital cartography 4. To acquaint with the skills regarding digital cartography  5. To identify sources and types of errors occurs during surveying 6. To get familiar with the basic aspects of linear, vertical and angular measurements of surveying. 


Unit - 1: Fundamentals of Cartography       20 Lectures Definition, nature and scope of cartography, History of cartography, Basics of geodesy, Basic principles of cartography, Scale- definition, types & importance, Concept of datum- vertical and horizontal, Co-ordinate systems- geographical and projected,  Map- definition, types and  significance, Cartographic methods and techniques for representation of data.  


Unit - 2: Digital Cartography        15 Lectures Introduction to digital cartography, Manual cartography vs. Digital cartography, Cartographic data and its sources, Cartographic database, Map design, Digital mapping- Thematic maps, Symbolization and visualization, Modern techniques of map production, Digital cartography- hardware and software, Advantages and disadvantages, Applications of digital cartography.   


Unit - 3: Fundamentals of Surveying       10 Lectures Definition, classification and principles of surveying, Character of surveying work- field work and office work, Sources and types of errors, Precision and accuracy, Units of measurements.   


Unit - 4: Surveying Measurements        15 Lectures Linear measurement-types of ranging, Methods-approximate, direct, optical and electronic, Errors and applications, Angular measurement-types of measured angles, Compass, Meridian, Bearings and azimuths, Errors, Corrections and precautions, Vertical measurement-types and methods of leveling, Contouring- definition, characteristics, methods and interpolation.