Geomorphology is the systematic description of origin and development of landforms, it is therefore also termed as the science of landforms.

Herewith, all students of M.A./M.Sc. Geography Part-I, Sem.-I have to undergo this course with following unit-wise content (figures in the brackets indicate contact hours) :     

Principles of Geomorphology: 


Meaning nature and scope of geomorphology, Development of geomorphic thought, a brief review of fundamental concepts of geomorphology: Principle of Uniformitarianism, Contribution of Hutton, Gilbert, Datton, and Davis. (15)


Evolution of Continents and ocean basins: Continental drift theory of Taylor, Continental Drift theory of Wegener, Theory of Plate Tectonics. (15)


Factors controlling landform development: Endogenetic and Exogenetic forces, Denudational processes, Weathering, Erosion and Mass wasting. (15)


Mountain building activities, Geosynclinal theory of Kobber, Holms Convectional current theory, Theory of Isostasy. (15)


  1. Allaby, Michael (2008): Oxford Dictionary of Earth Science, Oxford University Press, New York.
  2. Bloom, A.L. (1991): Geomorphology, 2nd Ed Englewood Cliffs, M.J. Prentice Hall.
  3. Chorley, R.J. Schumm,S.A. & Sugden, D.E. (1985): Geomorphology, Methuen & Co. Ltd., London, New York.
  4. Brierley, G.J. & Fryirs, K.A. (2005): Geomorphology and River Management, Blackwell Publishing, Oxford UK.
  5. Briggs, K. (1985): Physical Geography Process and System, Hodder and Stoughton, London.
  6. Christopherson, R.W. (1995): Elemental Geosystems: A Foundation in Physical Geography, Prentice Hall Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.
  7. Cook, R.U. & Doornkamp, J.C. (1974): Geomorphology in Environmental Management, an Introduction. Clarendon Press. Oxford.
  8. Dayal, P. (1996): A Textbook of Geomorphology, Shukla Book Depot, Patna.
  9. Fairbridge, R.W., ed. (1968): Encyclopaedia of Geomorphology Reinhold, New York.
  10. Hart, M.G. (1986): Geomorphology Pure and Applied, George Allen and Unwin, London.
  11. Leopold, L.B. Wolman, M.G. & Miller, J.P. (1964): Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology, W.H.Freeman, San Fransisco.
  12. Lobeck, A.K. (1939): Geomorphology, McGraw Hill, New York. .
  13. Moor, W.G. (1949):  A Dictionary of Geography, Penguin Books, England.
  14. Morgan, R.S. & Wooldridge S.W (1959): Outline of Geomorphology the Physical basis of Geography, Longmans Green, London.
  15. Robinson, Harry (1969): Morphology and Landscape, University Tutorial Press Ltd. London.
  16. Singh, Savindra (1998): Geomorphology, Prayag Pustak Bhavan, Allahabad.
  17. Singh, Savindra (1991): Environmental Geography, Prayag Pustak Bhavan, Allahabad.
  18. Spark, B. W. (1986): Geomorphology, Longman, London.
  19. Strahler, A.N (1969): Physical Geography. John Wiley & Sons Inc., NewYork.
  20. Thomas, M.F. (1974): Tropical Geomorphology, Macmillan, London.
  21. Thornbury, W.D. (1969): Principles of Geomorphology, Wiley Easterrn Ltd. New Delhi.
  22. Wadia, D.N. (1993): Geology of India, Tata McGraw Hill Edition, New Delhi. 
  23. Worcester, P. G. (1948): Textbook of Geomorphology, Princeton, D.Van, Nortrand.