Unit I: Membrane physiology and Muscle

1.1 Transport of ions and molecules through cell membrane

1.2 Membrane potential and action potentential

1.3 Physiologic anatomy of skeletal and smooth muscle

1.4 Excitation of skeletal muscle

i) Neuromuscular transmission

ii) Excitation –contraction coupling

1.5 Contraction and Excitation of smooth muscle

Unit II: Physiology of sense organs

2.1 Anatomy and physiology of eye

i) Optics of eye

ii) Receptor and neuronal functions of retina.

2.2 Sense of hearing

2.3 Chemical sense –Taste and smell

2.4 Aging and sense organs

Unit III: Physiology of Reproduction:

3.1 Male Reproductive system

3.2 Female Reproductive system

3.3 Contraceptives and birth control

3.4 IVF and Embryo Transfer

3.5 Aging and the reproductive system

Unit IV: Mammalian developmental Physiology

4.1 Maturation of germ cells and fertilization

4.2 Physiology of Cell and Tissue culture

4.3 Embryonic development

4.4 Prenatal diagnostic tests

4.5 Physiological regulation in embryogenesis

Paper- XII Applied Physiology (Elective Paper- II)

Unit I- Environmental physiology

1.1. Physiology of high altitude.

1.2. Physiology of deep sea diving.

1.3. Temperature, light and life.

1.4. Space Physiology

a)Physiological requirement of space travel

b) Adaptations due to space travel

Unit II- Exercise physiology

2.1. Fundamental of physical exercise

2.2. Energy for exercise, Enhancement of energy- Aerobic and Anaerobic power

2.3. Exercise physiology- Muscles in exercise, Respiratory exercise, Cardiovascular

        system exercise, Nervous system exercise, Body heat in exercise

2.4. Biochemical changes in exercise

2.5. Recovery from exercise.

Unit III- Ergonomics and Industrial physiology

3.1. Man- machine and environment

3.2. Physiology of man and women at work

3.3. Physical fitness and efficiency

3.4. Aging and occupational disease/ hazards

3.5. Problems of Child labour in India.

Unit IV- Occupational Physiology

4.1. Work place environment

4.2. Occupational health.

4.3. Occupational stresses

4.4. Occupational hazards and diseases

4.5. Management of Occupation hazards and diseases