WCM is the result of many centuries’ of production knowledge and ability. Starting with the guild structure in the Middle Ages, this knowledge and ability evolved via the manufacturing in the 18th century, scientific management/mass production, socio-technology and lean production in de twentieth century into the State-of-the-Art manufacturing companies in the beginning of the 21st century: World Class Manufacturing. (Ref: Makigami Info (2016). World Class Manufacturing. Retrieved http://www.makigami.info/cms/wcm-wcp/87-what-is-world-class-manufacturing. On 13/01/2016)