This paper deal with the study of Plant structure, development and reproduction.

Unit II:                                                                                                            [15]

Pollen: Structure of stigma and style, chemotropism, pollen wall proteins, stigma surface proteins, post fertilization events. [4]

Experimental Embryology: Techniques for anther, ovary, nucellus, endosperms, embryo culture and their significance. [4]

Types of apomixis: diplospory, apospory. causes, consequences and significances ofapomixis. [4]

Polyembryony: Classification, causes, experimental induction and partial importance. [3]

Unit IV


Unit IV:                                                                                                          [15]

1.Palynology: Scope and branches with special suggested readings:- [1]

2.Palynotaxonomy: Pollen morphology and plant taxonomy with suggested readings: to Gymnosperms and Angiosperms. [3]

Paleopalynology: Principles, microfossil recovery theory and techniques, microfossil groups and oil exploration. [2]

Aeropalynology: Principles, techniques, pollen analysis, pollen and spore allergy, allergic properties of pollen, pollen calendar and importance. [3]

Melittopalynology: Bee colony,foraging behaviour of bees , unifloral multifloral honey, application in crop productivity. [3]

Agropalynology: Pollen viability, pollen germination, pollen storage and their significance. [3]