a) Interdisciplinary nature of Education; relationships with disciplines/subjects such as philosophy, Psychology, Sociology, Management, Economics, Anthropology etc. connecting knowledge across disciplinary boundaries to provide a broad framework for insightful construction of knowledge. 

b) Axiological Issues in Education: Role of Peace and other values, Aesthetics in Education. 

c) Contribution of Science and Technology to Education and challenges ahead.

d) Dynamic relationship of Education with the political process. 

e) Issues related to planning, management and monitoring of School and Teacher Education

f) Human Development Index (2 hrs )